The blockade by Russian forces of Ukraine's Black Sea ports and the knock-on effect of Western sanctions on Moscow have raised international food and fuel prices, causing millions of Africans to face an "unprecedented food emergency" this year, the UN's World Food Programme said. Large parts of Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia are at serious risk of food insecurity, the World Food Programme said this week.
In the Sahel and West Africa, more than 40 million people could suffer from hunger in 2022, up from 10.8 million in 2019, the FAO said. Before Russia industry email list invaded Ukraine at the end of February, the COVID-19 outbreak and prolonged drought had hit African economies hard. A third of the continent's wheat is imported from Russia and Ukraine, which has been exacerbated by the war in Ukraine. Countries that do not rely on imports from Russia and Ukraine are also suffering as food prices soar on global markets.
Africa's food import bill has nearly tripled over the past decade, but its agricultural production itself has also been growing steadily. The African continent has a large amount of arable land, and there is a huge potential for self-sufficiency. Why rely on imported food? Africans produce food, but don't sell it A major portion of African farmland is used to grow export crops such as coffee, cocoa and cottonseed oil, while the staple crops of wheat