Challenges to Internal Security of India by Ashok Kumar PDF: Hello friends, In this post, we will provide the internal security and disaster management by Ashok Kumar and Vipul book. So you can download it in the English language. The book is published by McGraw Hill Third edition. Stay tuned and read online this book.
Challenges to the internal security of India through the role of media, communication networks and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention. Linkages of organized crime with terrorism, Security challenges and their management in border areas. As the Internal Security UPSC syllabus is mostly centred on current events, newspapers and publications, it makes up a significant portion of the UPSC syllabus.
The basic element of mass gathering event planning is to understand the behaviour of visitors or participants. Individual behaviour in a crowd is sometimes influenced by the behaviour of others. The individuals within crowd may act differently than if they were on their own. This is largely determined by the type of event whether it is religious, youth festival, sports event, music concerts, political gatherings, particular specific day and time event based on astrology, etc. Political (instability of government, internal conflicts within state, terrorist activities, violence affected areas, etc.) and geographical conditions (open or closed space, temporary or permanent, plain or hilly terrain, across the river course, season, etc.) of venue also affect the crowd management planning for security and surveillance. Based on the prior experiences, knowledge and incidences one should attempt to determine the type of crowd expected, i.e. age, social structure, gender, local, visitors coming by rail, bus, private vehicle, airways or pedestrian, and their estimated numbers. Promotion of programs by media or organizers or sometimes free rail or bus service facilities attracts people a lot, and it should also take into consideration for estimation of people. For effective crowd management, the motives of the visitors should be identified whether it is political, economics, spiritual, religious, and entertainment, social, etc. In case of Kumbh mela, the visitors mainly consist of saints, kalpwais (who stays during whole Kumbh mela period) mostly with rural background, tourists within country and across the world, etc. Mostly people come with a single aim to take a dip in river and return back. On peak days of bathing, huge crowd tries to reach nearest to the Sangam (the confluence of three rivers, i.e. Ganga, Yamuna and mystical Saraswati) to take a dip during particular period of time. The people come in small groups with one leader with all their belongingness. They follow the leader and move according to him because due to huge crowd there is always a fear of being lost. Unlawful actions of a few people can result in larger numbers following them. There is also need to establish the lost and found system in each sector with LED screen displaying in each sectors. This should be connected with the state-of-the-art communication system. Major locations should be geo-mapped and plotted on Google maps to facilitate the security personnel and visitors to easily find out. 2b1af7f3a8