This article describes options to administer computers that are running Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, or Microsoft Windows 2000. Additionally, this article discusses how to download the Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack (Adminpak). This article also discusses the various compatibility issues that occur when you remotely administer Windows 2000-based computers from Windows XP-based computers and from Windows Server 2003-based computers and vice versa.
Use Terminal Services to remotely administer computers that have command-line and graphical user interface (GUI) administration tools locally installed. To avoid the two-session limit, you can use Application Server mode to create a Windows Server 2003-based or Windows 2000-based installation that is running Terminal Server or Terminal Services. Where interoperability problems exist between operating systems, perform administrative tasks from a server that has Terminal Server or Terminal Services enabled and that is running the same operating system as the remote computer that is being administered.
The Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack is located in the I386 folder of the Windows Server 2003 CD and is available as a free download on www.microsoft.com. The following table summarizes the operating systems on which you can install the Adminpak from Windows 2000, from Windows Server 2003 original (RTM), from Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1), or from Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2. Additionally, the table summarizes the operating systems that the Adminpaks from these sources can remotely administer.
In some limited cases, servers must be administered from clients that are running the same operating system. For example, some remote administration operations against Windows 2000-based servers can be performed only from Windows 2000-based clients. Similarly, some operations against Windows Server 2003-based computers can be performed only from Windows Server 2003-based clients or from Windows XP-based clients. This article documents these limitations or restrictions for each tool that is included in the Administration Tools Pack.
If you are using Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2 and the Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack, you cannot administer Cluster servers. However, if you are using Windows XP Professional with SP1 and the Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack, you can manage Cluster servers.
For example, features in the administration tools that depend on functionality in Windows Server 2003, such as the "Saved query for last logon time" functionality, are not supported against Windows 2000 Server-based computers because earlier-version servers do not have the required server-side support. In rare cases, Windows Server 2003 administration tools are incompatible with Windows 2000 Server-based computers and are unsupported for managing those computers. Similarly, in rare cases, Windows 2000 administration tools are incompatible with Windows Server 2003-based computers.
The version of Adminpak that is included in the I386 folder of the installation media for the 64-bit versions of Windows Server 2003 is called Wadminpak.msi. The Wadminpak.msi file is identical to and interchangeable with the Adminpak.msi file that can be downloaded from www.microsoft.com and that is included with 32-bit versions of Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2. For ease of installation, you can install the Windows Server 2003 SP2 Adminpak.msi file on 32-bit or 64-bit versions of Windows XP Professional or on 32-bit or 64-bit versions of Windows Server 2003. Similarly, you can install Wadminpak.msi on 32-bit or 64-bit versions of Windows XP Professional or on 32-bit or 64-bit versions of Windows Server 2003.
When you upgrade a Windows 2000-based server to Windows Server 2003, the system compatibility check in Windows Server 2003 Winnt32.exe or in the Winnt32 /checkupgradeonly process may incorrectly detect that the Administration Tools Pack has been installed on your Windows 2000 domain controller. This issue occurs because the Active Directory Installation Wizard (Dcpromo.exe) on Windows 2000 uses a feature in the Windows 2000 Adminpak file to create shortcut menu items for the domain administration tools. You may safely ignore this message and continue with the upgrade process from Windows 2000 to Windows Server 2003.
If you are using Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2 and the Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack, you cannot administer Cluster servers. However, if you use Windows XP Professional with SP1 and Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack, you can manage Cluster servers.
When you access a Domain Name System (DNS) server through an IP address, some information that is returned, such as Forwarder information, will be incorrect. To work around this problem, access the DNS server through a host name instead of through an IP address. This issue applies to the original-release version of the Windows Server 2003 Administration Tools Pack.
The netsh dhcp server ip dump command output is truncated. The output from this command that is issued from a Windows Server 2003-based computer against a Windows Server 2003-based DHCP server returns the following output:
By default, the netsh dhcp server command does not run from Windows XP-based clients. For example, the following command runs successfully from a Windows Server 2003-based computer but does not run from a Windows XP-based client:
The change to the Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) remote procedure call (RPC) API among Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Professional, Windows 2000, and Windows NT 4.0 prevents the remote administration of Windows NT 4.0-based WINS servers from Windows 2000 versions of the WINS Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in and from Windows Server 2003 versions of the WINS MMC snap-in. This is not a regression, because Windows 2000 shares the same limitation.
Note that the script takes the precaution of backing up IIS 6.0's metabase before modifying it. However, if you want a separate backup, you can use the IIS Manager console or IIS 6.0's iisback.vbs utility. Also note that making the HTTP compression modifications slightly affects a production server's uptime because the script stops and restarts IIS 6.0 after the modifications are made. Because all systems differ, you should make sure that the HTTP compression modifications won't significantly affect your production servers' uptime. If it does, be sure to run the script during scheduled downtime or during periods of reduced usage. 2b1af7f3a8